Parliamentary Elections Won’t Rescue Algeria from its Legitimacy Problem

Saturday, June 12, 2021

A crowd listens to citizen proposals at an early Hirak march in Algiers (2019).
Today is election day in Algeria, albeit under tense circumstances. Arrests of activists and journalists have expanded in recent days; the latest tally counts over 220 detainees. While putting many Algerians on edge, this campaign will do nothing to inspire participation in today's vote. For more on the stakes of today's polls and their context, read my latest analysis, published earlier this week at the Atlantic Council's MENA Source blog:
Arriving on the heels of two years of overt popular contestation, Algeria’s June 12 parliamentary elections will not suffice to resolve the country’s deep political impasse.

The upcoming polls are the latest attempt by President Abdelmadjid Tebboune’s administration to claim a mantle of legitimacy it sorely lacks. Both Tebboune’s election i December 2019 and a constitutional referendum last November appeared to deliver the results he and his sponsors in the country’s powerful security forces sought. High levels of abstention and protest, however, highlighted a wide gulf separating Algerians from their leaders (in the country of forty-three million, fewer than one in seven eligible voters voted for the constitution, which passed nonetheless).

Algeria’s rulers have long dismissed this gulf but it became undeniable in 2019 when the Hirak protest movement erupted, bringing an end to the twenty-year reign of Tebboune’s predecessor, Abdelaziz Bouteflika. The mass demonstrations, which were triggered by Bouteflika’s choice to run for a fifth presidential term but were fed by years of accumulated frustration and indignity, also plunged the country into a political deadlock. For two years, gray-haired authorities have faced off against protesters drawn from a population that is much younger, hungry for opportunity, and less accepting of Algeria’s longstanding isolation. ...
I invite you to read the full article here: "Parliamentary elections won’t rescue Algeria from its legitimacy problem." And if you enjoyed this analysis and want to learn more about current dynamics in Algeria, consider pre-ordering The Algerian Dream, my forthcoming book on Algeria's young generations. Full details here.

Two Years On, Algeria’s Hirak Is Poised for a Rebirth

Tuesday, February 16, 2021

Exactly two years ago, residents of Kherrata, a nondescript town several hours' drive east of the Algerian capital, marched in protest against plans to prolong the rule of Algeria's president—and with it the era of corruption, waste, and repression he embodied. Days later, on February 22, 2019, their anger inspired millions of Algerians across the country to take to the streets, launching months of mass demonstrations for fundamental political change.

The frustration and indignities that inspired that movement, which became known as the hirak, are the subject of my forthcoming book, The Algerian Dream, to be published later this spring.

Last year, protesters paused the hirak due to the pandemic, but as Algeria marks the movement's second anniversary, its root causes are as pervasive as ever, making its resurgence all but certain. This morning, protestors began marching in Kherrata once more, presaging a new phase for the movement, as I argue in a retrospective on Algeria's hirak published today at the Atlantic Council's MENASource blog.

I invite you to read the full article here: "Two years on, Algeria’s Hirak is poised for a rebirth."

The Lesson of 2020: To Build Back Better, First Get the Structure Right

Thursday, January 28, 2021

This image is not an accident: Car near port of Beirut, 2017.

In my 2020 retrospective, I promised a reflection on last year's greatest lessons for humanity. Turns out, if you boil it down far enough, there's just one big one:

Two years ago Nina and I visited my aunt and uncle in Colorado, spending a week at their cabin outside Granby, near Rocky Mountain National Park. In 2020, Colorado recorded the three largest wildfires in state history. One of them, the East Troublesome Fire, finally halted just a stone's throw from the cabin's front door. The season's fires collectively burned 840,000 acres, an area larger than Rhode Island—but not because of drought or beetle-infested dead timber. Not really.

Two years earlier we were strolling with friends along the Beirut corniche, surrounded by joggers, fishermen, skateboarders, and kids on tricycles. In 2020, their world was turned upside down, their businesses and schools and homes ruined, and over 200 killed—but not by an abandoned pile of fertilizer igniting in the port. Not really.

And a few decades before that, I was born into a world with problems that had worsened until they threatened our species' very existence: nuclear war, epidemic disease, climate change. In 2020, we all saw our world turned upside down—but not by a virus from a wet market in Wuhan. Not really.

The real problem? We can't get the structure right.

The Best of Times, the Worst of Times: 2020 in Review

Tuesday, December 29, 2020 | Kassel, Germany

Best Nine of 2020: My most popular shots from the year on Instagram (@ibnibnbattuta)

More than any year in recent memory, 2020 made "have nots" of a great many "haves," highlighted the yawning gulf between the two, and pushed many to the edge of survival.

Nina and I were among the lucky few for whom the year's challenges were inconvenient, not existential. We worked hard to make the most of that chance.

Announcing "The Algerian Dream": Signed Books Now Available for Pre-Order

Sunday, November 22, 2020

As regular readers of this blog already know, I have spent most of 2020 writing a book about my years in Algeria, entitled The Algerian Dream. With my manuscript nearly complete, today it's time to share some more details with the world.

I am proud to present the above video, in which I offer a brief overview of the book, and to announce that signed copies are now available for pre-order via this crowdfunding campaign (the proceeds from which will help cover the substantial up-front costs of publication). The book will publish and ship in April 2021.

If you have enjoyed reading my dispatches from Algeria over the past seven years, you will find lots to love in this book, which in many ways is a culmination of my Algeria experience. In it I present the most important things I've learned from and about this fascinating country and its people. From the start, I knew I wanted to center the book around the inspiring young Algerians I've met; that's why I'm pitching it as "A book about youth and the quest for dignity in one of the world's most unusual countries."

In the long run, I sincerely hope that these young Algerians will be able to tell their own story for themselves. For now, I'm sharing what I've learned in hopes that it can help more people discover Algeria and the young generations who are reshaping its future.

Visit the pre-sale campaign here to learn more about the book. Please consider supporting the campaign before it ends on December 21, 2020 by pre-ordering today. Shipping is available worldwide, including for free within the European Union. Please also help me spread the word by sharing this campaign with others who may be interested. Thank you!

Update: The pre-sale campaign was a great success, thanks to the generous support of over 130 backers across 18 countries on five continents! If you would still like to pre-order, please visit this page. And stay tuned here for more details ahead of the book's worldwide public release in April 2021!

Maghreb Photography Award Winners

Tuesday, September 22, 2020

One of my three winning entries: Algerian football supporters in Marseille, France (July 2019).

I'm pleased to announce that three of my entries—all of them related to Algeria—won prizes in the 2020 Maghreb Photography Awards, an annual contest for photographers hailing from or shooting in the wider North Africa region.

See the full winner's gallery here, which includes my three winning entries:

1. "Celebrating with Ali la Pointe" (single shot, above): Special Mention (overall), Grand Winner (Editorial category), Gold Medal (Reportage/News subcategory). Brandishing a banner of Ali La Pointe, a martyred hero of the Battle of Algiers, young French-Algerian fans celebrate the Algerian men's soccer team's victory in the 2019 Africa Cup in Marseille, France.

2. "Belaredj" (series): Silver Medal (Fine Art - Abstract subcategory). The traditional garment of Algeria's women, the pearl-white haik is now disappearing, replaced by styles preferred by younger generations. In Algiers, local artist Souad Douibi features the garment prominently in her "Belaredj" street performances. Photographed on Kodak Portra 160 film with antique Rolleicord camera.

3. "Children of Exile" (series): Silver Medal (People - Children subcategory). Sahraoui children attend a youth rally in Tindouf, on the remote windswept plains of western Algeria. Separating them from their homeland is a heavily fortified Moroccan-built sand berm. Sahraoui refugees have inhabited camps in this region for over 40 years, spanning generations. Their future remains a contentious question in the region. Photos taken on Kodak Portra 160 film with antique Rolleiflex camera.

Peruse the entire winners' gallery here and enjoy some beautiful photographs.

A Conversation on "Andi Hulm" and Youth Entrepreneurship in Algeria

Monday, August 24, 2020

Today at 12pm EST (5pm Algiers time), I have been invited to speak about "Andi Hulm", the reality TV show for young Algerian entrepreneurs I hosted earlier this year, as well as related questions around economic opportunity for youth in Algeria. Joining me to share her firsthand perspectives will be Ouarda Benlakhlef, one of the show's finalists.

The virtual discussion will be hosted by the Center for Contemporary Arab Studies at my alma mater, Georgetown University, and narrated by one of my favorite professors from my time there, Dr. Noureddine Jebnoun.

I will also preview my forthcoming book on Algeria and its youth, The Algerian Dream, to be published in December.

RSVP here to attend. UPDATE: A recording of the presentation is now available here.

Note: The full show is available to watch on YouTube.

A World of Statues (and Why You Should Help Tear Some Down)

Friday, June 26, 2020

Rome, Italy
Amid the wave of protests that have followed George Floyd's killing, the US has seen Christopher Columbus beheaded in Boston, Confederate generals toppled nationwide, Washington and Jefferson felled in Portland, and other public statues targeted by Americans protesting the country's longstanding racial injustices and inequities. Recognizing the writing on the wall, even some southern Republicans are dropping their opposition to the dismantling of these symbols. Also, statues aren't the only symbols under attack: pushback is growing against the Confederate flag, which was recently banned at Nascar rallies.

The trend has spurred action beyond the US, too. Across Belgium, statues of King Leopold, brutal oppressor of the Congo, have been defaced or torn down. In Bristol, England, protesters wrenched a statue of slave trader Edward Colston from its pedestal and flung it into the harbor. Oxford University suddenly relented to a longstanding campaign to remove a statue of imperialist Cecil Rhodes. And on the non-statue front, the Netherlands may finally be giving up its absurd and anachronistic justifications of its national blackface tradition.

Those who oppose dismantling these symbols claim that our shared history is being attacked—or even erased. Some of these arguments are simply misguided; others are disingenuous attempts to preserve emblems of oppressive hierarchies. All of them are flawed.